MEMORANDUM ON COOPERATION IN FORESTRY AND NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION UNDER THE COOPERATIVE PROGRAM IN THE AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES BETWEEN THE COORDINATION COUNCIL FOR NORTH AMERICAN AFFAIRS AND THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE IN TAIWAN (AD.1991.07.04)-1

1. This memorandum of cooperation is undertaken pursuant to the guidelines for the Cooperative Program in the Agricultural Sciences between the American Institute in Taiwan and the Co- ordination Council for North American Affairs (CC NAA) which became effective January 28, 1986.2. During the November 1990 visit to the territory represented by CCNAA of forestry representatives from AIT’s designated `representatives, the Forest Service of USDA, and the Univer- sity of Arkansas at Monticello at the invitation of CCNAA’s designated representatives, the Council of Agriculture (COA), a number of subjects of mutual interest and possible future cooperation were identified. In particular, it was noted that important and similar trends were taking place both in the t- erritory represented by CCNAA and in the territory represent- ed by AIT which are resulting in increasing emphasis being p- laced on forest land management for the protection of waters- heds, wildlife, and biological diversity and for the provisi- on of outdoor recreation opportunities for expanding urban s- ocieties. Wood, however, remains an important commodity both in the territory represented by CCNAA and in the territory represented by AIT, and efforts are underway to stimulate its production from private land and to foster mutually benefici- al marketing and trade opportunities.3. Two broad areas for future AIT-CCNAA cooperation were identi- fied: 1) professional enhancement and 2) cooperative research . An important means of enhancing the professional developme- nt of forestry and natural resource officials of the territo- ry represented by CCNAA is to provide on-the-job training op- portunities in the territory represented by AIT under the au- spices of USDA’s Forest Service and the U.S. Department of I- nterior for periods of a few months to a year or more. Subje- cts of particular interest are Geographical Information Syst- em (GIS), forest resources inventory, outdoor recreation, wi- lderness management, wildlife management, landscape ecology, and interdisciplinary planning and management, will seek to identify candidates for such training from throughout the fo- restry and natural resources community in the territory repr- esented by CCNAA, and AIT’s designated representative, the U- SDA Forest Service, will seek to identify sites for such tra- ining in the territory represented by AIT both to USDA Forest Service facilities and cooperatively with the U.S. Department of Interior.4. Cooperative research remains a high priority for future coll- aboration. Although past research has been of high quality a- nd great benefit to both the authorities represented by CCNAA and the authorities represented by AIT, this ongoing program has failed to reach its full potential, and there is scope to expand it in a number of areas. In particular, benefit could accrue from cooperative research in wildlife management, ecology, and recreation as identified in the 1988 report by Sweeney, Dwyer, and Conrad, but also in other areas such as forest products marketing. A target would be to have at least two cooperative projects underway per year. Both CCNAA’s des- ignated representative, the COA, and AIT’s designated repres- entative, the USDA Forest Service, will intensify efforts to expand this excellent program.5. Cooperation on both professional enhancement and research pr- ograms can best be facilitated through the existing Guidelin- es for a Cooperative Program in the Agricultural Sciences Jo- intly signed by the CCNAA and the American Institute in Taiw- an (AIT) on January 28 and January 15, 1986 respectively, and managed by COA and OICD/USDA as their designated representat- ives. (Signed) Steven D. Yoder Chief Agricultural Section American Institute in Taiwan Date: May 23, 1991 (Signed) David K.P. Liu Chief Business Division Coordination Council for North American Affairs Date: July 4, 1991